Tempera Paint vs. Acrylic: Which is Better for You?

  • By: Richard
  • Time to read: 9 min.

When it comes to choosing the right type of paint for your next project, the options can be overwhelming. Should you go with tempera paint or acrylic? What are the benefits of each? In this blog post, I will compare tempera paint and acrylic and help you decide which is better for you.

What Is Tempera Paint?

Tempera paint is water-based paint that has been around for centuries. It is made with pigment and a binder, typically egg yolk or casein. Tempera paint dries quickly and has a matte finish. It is non-toxic and safe for children to use. However, tempera paint is not as durable as acrylic paint and can fade over time.

Consistency: Tempera paint is thicker than acrylic paint, making it more difficult to control on a canvas. It can also be challenging to get an even coat of tempera paint.

Color: Tempera paint comes in a limited range of colors. You may be able to find more colors if you purchase tempera paint from a specialty art store. However, the colors available in tempera paint are not as vibrant as the colors available in acrylic paint.

Durability: As mentioned above, tempera paint is not as durable as acrylic paint. It is susceptible to fading and chipping. If you want your painting to last for many years, you should choose acrylic over tempera.

Mixing: You can mix tempera paint with water to thin it out. You can also add more pigment to tempera paint to make it darker.

Permanency: Tempera paint is not permanent. Once it dries, it can be reactivated with water. This means that you can easily change your painting after it has dried.

Cleanup: Cleanup is easy with tempera paint. Just use soap and water.

Cost: Tempera paint is typically less expensive than acrylic paint. However, the price of tempera paint will vary depending on the brand and where you purchase it.

Tempera Paint is Best Used On

  • Paper: Tempera paint is best suited for absorbent surfaces like paper.
  • Wood: You can also use tempera paint on wood, but it’s not as durable as acrylic.
  • Metal: Tempera paint adheres well to metal surfaces.
  • Glass: You can use tempera paint on glass, but it’s not the best option.
  • Newspaper Print: The paint will adhere to the print, but it’s not the best option.
  • Cardboard: Tempera paint is best suited for absorbent surfaces like cardboard.
  • Papier-Mâché: Tempera paint is best suited for absorbent surfaces like papier-mâché.
  • Poster Boards: Tempera paint is best suited for absorbent surfaces like poster boards.
  • Finger and Sponge Painting: Tempera paint is best suited for porous surfaces like paper. It’s also good to use tempera paint for finger and sponge painting.

What Is Acrylic Paint?

Acrylic paint is also water-based, but it was only invented in the 1940s. Acrylics are made with pigments suspended in an acrylic polymer emulsion. This type of paint dries quickly and can be either glossy or matte. Acrylics are more versatile than tempera paints because they can be used on various surfaces. They are also more durable and fade-resistant.

Consistency: Acrylic paint is thicker than watercolor but thinner than oil paint.

Color: Acrylic paint comes in various colors, including both opaque and transparent colors.

Drying Time: Acrylic paint dries quickly, usually within an hour.

Durability: Acrylic paint is more durable than tempera paint. It is also more resistant to fading.

Mixing: Acrylic paint can be mixed with other acrylic colors or water.

Permanency: Acrylic paint is permanent when it dries.

Cleanup: Acrylic paint can be cleaned up with soap and water.

Cost: Acrylic paint is more expensive than tempera paint, but it is still relatively affordable.

Acrylic Paint is Best Used On

  • Paper: You can use acrylic paint on any paper, but the thicker, the better.
  • Canvas: Acrylic paint is also an excellent option for canvas.
  • Wood: Acrylic paint can be used on wood, but it must first sand and prime the wood.
  • Glass: You can use acrylic paint on glass, but you’ll need to buy special Glasstac or Glassline pens.
  • Metal: Acrylic paint can also be used on metal, but you’ll need a primer first.
  • Fabric: Acrylic paint can be used on material, but you’ll need to use a fabric medium first.
  • Ceramic: You can use acrylic paint on ceramic, but you need to use a primer first.

Tempera vs. Acrylic Paint – Pros & Cons

Tempera – Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Water based
  • Easy cleanup
  • Fast drying time
  • Inexpensive
  • Easy to paint over or remove
  • Great for paper-based projects
  • Wide variety of colors
  • Allergen free
  • Nontoxic
Cons
  • Not permanent
  • Not suitable for all surfaces
  • Thick layers may crack when drying
  • Stays water soluble even when dry
  • Colors may fade

Acrylic – Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Fast drying time
  • Versatile
  • Permanent
  • Variety of vibrant colors
Cons
  • Fast drying time
  • Can contain toxic chemicals
  • Permanent
  • Can be messy

Tempera vs. Acrylic Paint

Tempera
  • Semi-permanent
  • Easy to clean up
  • Nontoxic
  • Typically milky consistency
  • Works well on paper projects
Acrylic
  • Permanent once dry
  • Can be difficult to remove
  • Can contain toxins
  • Available in different consistencies
  • Can be used on many surfaces

You might also like our article how long does acrylic paint take to dry.

Is Tempera Paint Or Acrylic Paint Good For Miniature Painting?

If you need highly durable paint that can withstand a lot of abuse, then acrylic is the way to go. However, if you’re looking for better paint that’s easier to work with and produces brighter colors, tempera might be better.

Here are some things to keep in mind when deciding which type of paint to use:

  • Cost: Tempera color is typically much cheaper than acrylic paint, so it’s a good choice if you’re on a budget. Acrylic paint is more expensive, but it also tends to last longer.
  • Viscosity: Acrylics are thicker than tempera paints, making them more challenging to work with. If you’re new to painting, tempera might be a better choice because it’s easier to control.
  • Color: Tempera paint generally produces brighter colors than acrylics. However, this isn’t always the case, so it’s essential to test out both types of paint before deciding.
  • Drying Time: Acrylics dry very quickly, while tempera paints take longer to dry. This is something to keep in mind if you’re working on a large project and need the color to dry quickly.

You might also like our article chameleon paints.

How Do You Make Tempera Paint Permanent?

Most people know that making paint permanent is not an easy task.

There are many ways to do it, but most involve chemicals and a lot of time. Some paints require you to go through two or more chemical processes before they can withstand light without fading!

Step 1: Ground Your Pigments Down Into A Fine Powder

The first step in making your tempera paint permanent is grinding the pigments into a fine powder. To start with, you will need to find some dry tempera pigments. These can be bought at any art store or online. Once you have your stains, grind them until they are a soft, fine powder using a mortar and pestle or a coffee grinder. If you don’t have either of these items, you can also use a food processor on its lowest setting. Just make sure that the pigments are wholly ground down before moving on to the next step!

Step 2: Mix The Pigments And Water Into A Paste

Now that your pigments are ground down into a fine powder, it’s time to mix them with water to form a paste. Add the pigments and water into a bowl and stir until the pigments are fully dissolved. You may need to add more or less water depending on the pigment you are using. Once the paste is formed, set it aside for now.

Step 3: Make The Yolk Medium

Next, you will need to make the yolk medium. This is what will bind the pigment paste together and make it permanent. To do this:

  1. Combine one part linseed oil with three parts egg yolk in a small jar.
  2. Drop the oil into the egg yolk a drop at a time, constantly stirring until well combined.
  3. Once the oil is fully incorporated, add three parts of water to the mixture and stir until smooth.

Step 4: Combine The Pigment Paste And Yolk Medium

Now it’s time to combine the pigment paste and yolk medium. Add the pigment paste to the yolk medium and stir until smooth consistency. You will want to work quickly at this stage, as tempera paint dries very quickly!

And that’s it! Once your paint is mixed, use it as you would any other type of paint. It will be permanent and will never fade! Enjoy your newfound painting skills!

You might also like our article how to restore dried out paints.

Conclusion

So, what is the verdict? Tempera paint or acrylic paint? If you are looking for a durable, long-lasting painting, acrylic is the way. However, if you want a quick and easy project that will be fun for the whole family, tempera might be better.

FAQs about Tempera Paint vs. Acrylic

Can I Mix Acrylic And Tempera Paint?

No, you cannot mix acrylic and tempera paint. The two types of color are not compatible with each other and will not work together.

If you want to use both types of paint in your painting project, you will need to use two separate containers – one for the tempera paint and one for the acrylic paint. You will also need to use two different brushes or clean your brush thoroughly between each type of paint.

How do Tempera and Acrylics Are Alike?

Acrylic paint is often used to create various art forms, from portraiture and landscapes to children’s books. It is unique because it dries completely matte. This is unlike watercolor paintings, which have subtle gradients compared with other types such as gouache or egg tempera paints. Acrylic Paints offer a noticeable finish; with nozzles, you can quickly cover large surfaces without making mistakes!

Is Tempera or Acrylic Better for Canvas?

Tempera dries quickly and doesn’t require a primer, making it ideal for quick sketches or paintings. It’s also non-toxic and safe for children to use. However, tempera can be challenging to work with on larger canvases because it quickly dries. And once it dries, it isn’t easy to re-wet and work with again.

Acrylic dries slowly, so you have more time to work with it. It also adheres well to surfaces, making it a good choice for larger canvases. Acrylic is also non-toxic and safe for children. However, because it’s a synthetic polymer, some people are allergic to it. And like tempera, once acrylic dries, it isn’t easy to re-wet and work with again.

Which is better for you? Tempera is a good choice if you’re looking for a quick and easy medium for small canvases. If you’re looking for a medium that you can work with on larger canvases, acrylic is better. And if you’re allergic to synthetic polymers, tempera is the better choice.

Hi! I'm Richard Baker, a miniature painter who has been painting for about ten years. My website is packed with great advice that I've learned from both books and personal experience on building and painting miniatures.

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